Although many people experience a lack of sleep at some point in their lives, regular problems with sleep could be a sign of a sleep disorder. There are a number of sleep disorders and recognising the symptoms will allow the disorder to be treated, preventing further complications.
Insomnia is a common sleep disorder that affects adults and children. Individuals suffering from insomnia are usually unable to fall asleep after half an hour or more after going to bed
and will often experience problems going back to sleep after waking during the night. Insomnia is not life-threatening but can lead to a number of serious health complications and may even cause some individuals to develop mental disorders. Insomnia can be caused by stress or anxiety or a real-life event such as work or exams.
Sleep apnea is another common sleep disorder. Obstructive Sleep Apnea occurs when an individual takes pauses in breathing during sleep and is the most severe type of sleep apnea. If left untreated, Obstructive Sleep Apnea can be life-threatening. Those more at risk of developing the disorder are those who have suffered brain tumours or strokes and those who are overweight. Obstructive Sleep Apnea also increases the risk of strokes and must be treated as soon as possible.
Individuals who fall asleep during the day despite receiving a sufficient amount of sleep before may be suffering from Narcolepsy, which is another common sleep disorder. Other types of common sleep disorders include sleepwalking and night terrors, which often occur in children.
Sleep disorders usually occur as a result of individuals having an unhealthy lifestyle. Cutting out cigarettes and exercising regularly can help to reduce the risk of sleep disorders. Setting up a regular routine will allow individuals to ensure that they receive a sufficient amount of sleep each night.